Make your own free website on

1969 White Paper
Back Home Up Next


Land and Culture
Early Days
Sir James Douglas
Land Question
Early Native Protests
Unlawful to Protest
1969 White Paper
Calder Case
Coolican Report
Gitskan - Wet'suwet'en
Works Cited

1969 White Paper

The Federal Government's "White Paper," "Statement of Government of Canada on Indian Policy, 1969," fanned the flames of the native land claims movement in British Columbia. The White Paper rejected the concept of special status for native people within confederation - they should have the same rights and responsibilities as other Canadians. The government argued that aboriginal and treaty rights were irrelevant in today's society; the important issues demanding attention included economic, educational, and social problems. In their superficial assessment of the native situation, the government could not see that the poverty, social crises, and bleak future faced by most First Peoples was rooted in the very denial of aboriginal and treaty rights.